The Paris Agreement and Nigeria: What You Need to Know
The Paris Agreement is a landmark international treaty designed to address the challenges of climate change. It was adopted by 196 countries on December 12, 2015, and entered into force on November 4, 2016. The goal of the agreement is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Nigeria, being one of the countries that signed the Paris Agreement, is committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2030. In order to achieve this reduction, Nigeria has developed a number of initiatives and policies aimed at mitigating the effects of climate change.
One such initiative is the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), which was developed to guide the development of renewable energy in Nigeria. The plan aims to increase the share of renewable energy in the country`s energy mix to 10% by 2025 and 30% by 2030.
Another initiative is the National Climate Change Policy and Response Strategy (NCCPRS), which provides a framework for climate change adaptation and mitigation in Nigeria. The policy focuses on sectors such as agriculture, water resources, health, and energy, among others.
Despite these initiatives, Nigeria still faces significant challenges in meeting its commitments under the Paris Agreement. One of the major challenges is the lack of funding for climate change mitigation and adaptation programs. Nigeria, like many other developing countries, relies heavily on international funding to implement its climate change initiatives.
Another challenge is the lack of awareness and understanding of climate change among the general public. Many Nigerians, particularly those living in rural areas, are not aware of the causes and effects of climate change and the need for mitigation and adaptation.
In conclusion, the Paris Agreement is an important international treaty that aims to address the challenges of climate change. Nigeria, as a signatory to the agreement, has developed a number of initiatives and policies aimed at reducing its greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the effects of climate change. However, significant challenges remain, and more needs to be done to achieve Nigeria`s commitments under the Paris Agreement.